Individuals With ADHD Inattention Subtype More Likely to Quit Smoking:
Investigators at Columbia Medical Center, in New York, found individuals with ADHD who have the subtype of the disorder characterized by inattention alone are more likely to benefit from combination therapy with bupropion and nicotine patches than their counterparts who have ADHD with elevated symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity, with or without inattention.
Greater understanding of the divergent associations that exist between the different kinds of ADHD have important public-health consequences for smoking cessation and decreased tobacco-related mortality in this population, principal investigator Lirio S. Covey, PhD, said in a statement.
The study is published in the December issue of Nicotine & Tobacco Research.
As shown in previous research, as a group, smokers with ADHD had greater difficulty quitting than smokers without ADHD. However, the researchers showed for the first time that individuals with the inattention subtype of ADHD derived the same benefit from an 8-week smoking-cessation program as smokers without ADHD.
'Finding that smokers with the inattention subtype of ADHD benefit from bupropion and nicotine-patch treatment is encouraging news,' Dr. Covey told Medscape Psychiatry."